Part 2 of a timeline of pioneering female scientists and mathematicians, juxtaposed with a timeline of human rights. This part contains women born from the 1840s-1868 including Ellen Swallow Richards, Sofia Kovalevskaya, Annie Jump Cannon, and Marie Sklodowska-Curie.
Women are massively under-represented in physics and other STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) subjects at all levels. A report by the Institute of Physics showed that 46% of schools in the UK had no girls continue to study physics after the age of 16, although girls were over twice as likely…
The fact that a civilised species arose so early in
the history of the universe means there’s
a 92% chance that another civilised species will arise somewhere in the
observable universe before planets stop forming altogether.
In a paper published in MNRAS last year, astronomers David Kipping and Alex Teachey showed how we could cloak the Earth using lasers. We could also do the opposite, and use lasers to broadcast our presence. If we can do this, then presumably any other intelligent, technologically advanced species can do this too.
Scientists at Harvard University have recently suggested that intelligent life forms in another galaxy may have used interstellar spacecraft billions of years ago. Their paper, co-authored by Manasvi Lingam and Abraham Loeb and entitled ‘Fast Radio Bursts from Extragalactic Light Sails’, has just been published…